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Welcome to this week's edition of the Computer Kindergarten Newsletter.
Today is Sunday, October 26, 2014

In this Issue:
Special Feature: Scam Artists Out for Tricks this Halloween
Special Feature: Windows 8.1 – Organize your Start Screen
Special Feature: Intro to the Mac - Mac OS X Mavericks - Working with Files and Folders - Creating a Shortcut to a Folder
Today's Topic: Make Use of Multiple Flash Drives or Cards for a Speed Boost
Special Feature: iPad: How to Delete Cookies and Clear Web History
Websites of Interest: HAPPY HALLOWEEN!!


Special Feature: Scam Artists Out for Tricks this Halloween

From bbb.org

Halloween is no different than any day of the week and internet users are even more susceptible to being tricked by hackers and scammers. The Better Business Bureau (BBB) is cautioning internet users to be on the lookout for devilish links.

According to Spywared.com, "Every year Halloween is the most profitable celebration for scammers who earn much money via spreading various scams via the Internet." Beware of Facebook posts, tweets, pop-up ads, web links, and emails. Some scams to be on the lookout this Halloween are:

Fake Facebook Post - An intriguing link is posted on somebody's wall to lure you into viewing. Once you open the post, then you are immediately redirected to a webpage saying you need to "Recommend" or "Share." Not only is your computer at risk, but then your friends who you may send it to are at risk.

TIP: Stop clicking! If you accidentally send - delete from your feed and remove sent messages.

Fake Tweet Links - Similar to the Fake Facebook Post, you see a tweet with a link to view a new story, joke, picture, or video. By clicking on the link you have your account hacked and start sending malicious tweets that may contain a virus to your followers.

TIP: Make sure you are viewing a tweet from a trusted source. If hacked, reset your password.

Costume Scam - Maybe you waited a little too long to buy that costume you wanted. You see a link on the side of a webpage to buy the costume you wanted at a really low price. Instead of buying the costume you planned to impress everyone with, you get scammed and the information you entered is being stolen.

TIP: Shop only on secured sites (URL will start with "https" with a small lock icon next to it).

Jokes On You - A funny joke, ecard, video, or picture is sent to you by email. You click on an additional link, or click to download an attachment and you are unintentionally installing a virus to your computer.

TIP: Pay careful attention to who the sender is. Also, look at the source of the attachment to see if it looks suspicious.

Please be safe this Halloween both on and off-line. Make sure to pay close attention to something that may be too good to be true or unfamiliar. By using caution, you can avoid getting spam in your Halloween basket.


Special Feature: Windows 8.1 – Organize your Start Screen

From microsoft.com

Your Start screen is yours to organize and arrange. You can resize tiles and move them around in whatever way you want. For example, you can make the tiles you use more often bigger, and the ones you use less often smaller. You can size and arrange your tiles in a way that looks best to you. You can also group tiles together to help you keep track of your apps and use them more efficiently. However you choose to organize the tiles, customizing your Start screen makes it easier to get to the apps, folders, sites, and people you interact with the most.

To Move a Tile on Your Start Screen

On the Start screen, press and hold the tile you want to move. (If you’re using a mouse, click and hold the tile).

Drag the tile to where you want to place it.

To Resize a Tile on Your Start Screen

On the Start screen, press and hold the tile you want to resize. (If you’re using a mouse, right-click the tile.)

Tap or click Resize.

Choose the size you want.

To Create a Group of Tiles

On the Start screen, press and hold or right-click the tiles you want to group together.

Drag them to an open space, and when a gray bar appears behind them, release the tiles. This will create a new group.

If you want to name the group, tap or click where it says Name group above the group, and then enter a new name.

Once you've created a group, you can move the entire group around on your Start screen.

To Move a Group of Tiles

On the Start screen, pinch to zoom out. (If you’re using a mouse, click the zoom icon in the lower-right corner of your screen.)

Press and drag or click and drag the group of tiles you want to move to where you want it to go.

Once you’re done moving groups, tap or click anywhere on the screen to zoom back in.


In our next newsletter: Windows 8.1 – Using Charms


Special Feature: Intro to the Mac - Mac OS X Mavericks - Working with Files and Folders - Creating a Shortcut to a Folder

From gcflearnfree.org

Creating a Shortcut to a Folder

If you have a folder that you use frequently, you can save time by creating a shortcut (also called an alias) on the desktop. Instead of navigating to the folder every time you want to use it, you can simply double-click the shortcut and the folder will open. A shortcut will have a small arrow in the lower-left corner of the icon.

To Create a Shortcut

Navigate to where your folder is located.

Hold down the Option and Command keys, and then click and drag the folder to the desktop. While you are dragging it, you should see a small arrow on the icon.
When you release the mouse, the shortcut will be created. The icon should still have an arrow indicating that it is a shortcut.


Today's Topic: Make Use of Multiple Flash Drives or Cards for a Speed Boost

From computershopper.com

One of the celebrated upgrades in Windows Vista was ReadyBoost, a handy technology that lets you make use of a USB flash drive or flash-memory card (such as an SD card) to serve as extra fast-access cache memory for frequently used files and data. (In essence, it serves the same purpose as cache on your hard drive, but the fact that solid-state memory is being used is a speed plus.) When you plugged in a USB key or flash card, you would be prompted whether you wanted to use it as storage, or as a supplement to speed up your PC.

The introduction of ReadyBoost coincided with the precipitous fall in price of flash media. With 4GB flash drives selling now for well under $20, most users own at least a few of these handy devices in various capacities. Why let yours sit idle when they’re not being used to store or transport files?

Windows 7 retains the ReadyBoost feature but adds support for multiple USB keys or flash cards used at once. So, if you have a few old 1GB keys around gathering dust, it can’t hurt to plug them in, so long as you have the USB ports to spare. When you plug in a key, Windows 7 will bring up a prompt asking whether you want to open the drive in Windows Explorer or use the drive to speed up your system. Choose speed up your system.

In the following screen, choose the Use this device radio button and adjust the memory slider below it to the amount you want to dedicate to ReadyBoost.

This won’t change the drive in any fundamental way; you can always unplug it and redeploy it for normal storage down the road, or use the unallocated portion for storage in parallel with ReadyBoost. Note, though, that the file system, even with 64-bit Windows 7, will keep you from accessing more than 4GB of the memory per key or card. So don’t expect to bulk up on cheap 8GB keys and go wild.

Note: This tip works in Windows Vista and Windows 8, too.


Special Feature: iPad: How to Delete Cookies and Clear Web History

By Daniel Nations of about.com

It is a common practice for websites to put a 'cookie', which is a small piece of data, on your browser to store information. This information can be anything from a username to keep you logged in on your next visit to data used to track your visit to the website. If you've visited a website you don't quite trust and want to delete your cookies from the iPad's Safari browser, don't worry, that's a pretty simple task. You can also clear your web history, so the iPad itself won't know where you have been browsing.

Open the Settings app.

Scroll down the left-side menu and choose Safari.

Touch "Clear History" to delete all records of which websites you have been to on the iPad. You will be prompted to confirm your choice.

Touch "Clear Cookies and Data" to delete all cookies from the Safari browser. Again, you will be prompted to confirm this decision.

Do You Want To Clear Cookies From A Specific Website?

Clearing cookies from a specific website is helpful if you are having issues with a single website, but you don't want all of your usernames and passwords cleared from all the other websites you visit. You can delete cookies from a specific website by going into the Advanced settings at the bottom of the Safari settings.

In the Advanced tab, choose Website Data.

If it isn't on the first page, you can choose 'Show All Sites' to get the full list.

To delete a website's data from this page, you will need to be in edit mode. To get into edit mode, tap the Edit button at the top-right corner of the screen.

In edit mode, a red circle with a minus sign appears to the left of the website. Tap this icon and a red delete button will appear to the right of the name to confirm your choice. Tap the delete button and all cookies and data stored from this website will be deleted from the iPad's Safari browser.

Note: The image in this article reflects the settings in iOS 7.0. However, the directions for clearing cookies and web history should be the same in iOS 8.0 and previous versions of the iPad's operating system.


Websites of Interest:


Visit Everything Halloween for costume ideas, decorations, games, stories and more.

Keep your dog out of harm's way this Halloween with these important safety tips:

Dress up your decorations and invitations with fun Halloween fonts

Find recipes for pumpkins, cookies, cakes and treats.


History of the Jack O'Lantern

Extreme Pumpkin Carving

Halloween History and Customs