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Welcome to this week's edition of the Computer Kindergarten Newsletter.
Today is Sunday, September 29, 2013

In this Issue:
Special Feature: Beware of the Latest Health Law Cons
Tips & Tricks: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: Use a Good Anti-Spam Program
Special Series: Where did the Classic Games go in Windows 8?
This Week's Topic: How to Join Facebook
Special Feature: iPad Basics - Apps for Everyday Tasks - Safari
Websites of Interest: Fall Colors 2013; Alternative Gardening; AirfareWatchdog; Do It Yourself Halloween Decorations

We’re on Facebook! If you are too, please like us at

We’ll be doing raffles and give-a-ways, posting upcoming classes, computer and iPad tips and tricks and much more! Hope to see you there!

If you’re not a Facebook member, take a look at this week’s topic below on how to join Facebook.


Special Feature: Beware of the Latest Health Law Cons

By Sid Kirchheimer of aarp.org

With the coming rollout of a major aspect of the Affordable Care Act, the time is ripe for another onslaught of scammers trying to grab your money, personal information and medical records.

Ever since the ACA — better known as Obamacare — was passed by Congress in 2010, there have been periodic waves of cons tied to health reform. These include the sale of bogus insurance policies, and phone calls demanding sensitive personal information ("Could you please verify your identity?") if you're to receive a nonexistent Obamacare card or new Medicare card.

But now experts are predicting a tsunami of schemes tied to the Oct. 1 launch of a program that will allow millions of uninsured Americans to shop for coverage through either state-run health insurance exchanges or the federal government.

Confusion over the Affordable Care Act will certainly help the con artists. Roughly half of people recently surveyed in a Kaiser Health Tracking Poll knew "nothing at all" about their state's plans to create an exchange, and two-thirds of uninsured Americans didn't understand how the new law affects them. About a fifth thought it had been repealed by Congress or overturned by the Supreme Court.

Already, scammers have established fake websites claiming to sell ACA insurance. Others have renewed tried-and-true government impostor scams — delivered via phone call, fax and email — in which they claim to represent Medicare or other government agencies, sometimes just saying they're "calling from Obamacare." The goal is to glean sensitive information for identity theft while pitching phony health plan enrollments.

And brace yourself for scamming Obamacare robocalls. Lois Greisman, an official with the Federal Trade Commission who oversees the national Do Not Call List, predicts they'll be a leading dinnertime annoyance in coming weeks — and possibly through 2014.

Don't fall for their ruse.

8 Ways to Keep Scammers at Bay

1. If you're on Medicare, you don't need a new card or additional insurance because of health exchanges or other Obamacare initiatives.

2. You can change your Medicare plan and prescription coverage during Medicare open enrollment from Oct. 15 to Dec. 7, but no one from Medicare — or any other federal office — will make unsolicited contact via telephone, email, fax or front-door visit asking for money or personal or financial information, including your Social Security/Medicare number.

3. If you get health insurance at work, your employer should notify you — via official workplace correspondence — on what if any changes may occur. People with private insurance should contact their providers if they have questions.

4. The Health Insurance Marketplace doesn't open until Oct. 1, and no offers for health care plans from it can legally be made before then. But even after that date, keep up your guard. It's expected that most folks needing insurance will shop on the federal or state websites, but legitimate vendors — along with scammers — may reach out to you via phone, email, personal visits and especially websites. To help answer questions about plans you may consider, as well as vendor and product legitimacy, you can contact trained "navigators" at the federal government's hotline, 800-318-2596 (TTY 855-889-3425) or visit healthcare.gov. Do this before you provide sensitive details or sign anything.

5. Because 17 states have opted out of the federal program, scammers may create websites intended to look like official sites for those 17. In addition to seeking personal information and money, the fake sites may host computer malware that will automatically download onto your computer if you click on a link. One clue to legitimacy: State websites should end in ".gov," as does the federal marketplace website, healthcare.gov.

6. Although some states have enlisted advertisers and translators to help educate residents about new benefits for the uninsured, their role is strictly to educate consumers — not to sell policies.

7. Scare or rush tactics signal you're dealing with a scammer. Preapproved rates in the exchange won't change during the initial enrollment period, which ends on March 31, 2014. Claims of "limited-time offers" and "act now or lose benefits" are lies.

8. Now is a particularly opportune time for scammers to go after your medical records, called "fulls" in scammer jargon because they provide everything in one place for ID theft — and more. Fetching as much as 50 times the rate of a Social Security number on online black markets, stolen medical records open the way for scammers to pose as you and to buy medications or to pay for medical treatments. Believe it or not, victims may be responsible for these charges (unlike in the case of credit card theft) and may lose their coverage. So guard details of your medical history, treatments or insurance — no matter what you're being offered in return.


Tips & Tricks: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: Use a Good Anti-Spam Program

Spam, spam and spam. How to avoid spam, how to filter spam, and how to complain about spam are the items on this menu of junk mail fighting tips. With the help of Heinz Tschabitscher of about.com, we are presenting an ongoing series of tips and tricks that you can use to minimize the amount of junk mail that you will receive in your email inbox.

Spam isn't that bad — if I never see it.

This is the aim of anti-spam tools. They promise to clean your email account of spam before you download the new messages in your favorite email program. And quite often, they do succeed.

The best anti-spam tools work great out of the box but also allow a good amount of flexibility and configuration. They are easy to set up and efficient at pointing and deleting unwanted, unsolicited mail.

Top Windows Spam Filters

Top Anti-Spam Plugins for Outlook

Anti-Spam Tools for the Mac

In our next edition: Assume Mail from Unknown Senders is Spam


Special Series: Where did the Classic Games go in Windows 8?

By Steve Sinchak of tweaks.com

The first time you boot up Windows 8 you will notice the classic Windows games such as minesweeper and solitaire are missing. Microsoft removed all inbox games in Windows and you can’t add them back using the add/remove features applet as you could in previous version of Windows. Instead, you must buy the apps in the new Windows Store. Don’t worry, the apps are free but you need to find them first. That is why I have included direct purchase links to all of the classic Windows games below and some new ones released by Microsoft Studios.

Many of the classic games have been completely revamped with updated graphics, effects and XBOX Achievement integration.

Note: The purchase links only work in Internet Explorer 10. Sorry, the "ms-windows-store:" link prefix does not work yet in other browsers.


Play the classic puzzle game that has been part of Windows for more than 20 years, now re-imagined for Windows 8.


Pick up and play this classic card game on Windows 8.


Microsoft Mahjong is the classic matching game updated with beautiful imagery, intuitive controls and all the features that fans of mahjong have come to expect.

Pinball FX2

Pinball FX is back, and it is better than ever! Pinball FX2 offers band new tables and a host of new features and improvements, including a new state-of-the-art physics model that surpasses anything available so far.

Enjoy the updated and new games!


You can review all of our previous Windows 8 articles on our website.

Do you have a question about Windows 8 that we haven’t covered yet? Please email your question and we’ll cover it in a future newsletter article.


Today's Topic: How to Join Facebook

By Debbie Brixey of digitalunite.com

With Facebook having a billion users and counting, it’s likely that plenty of your friends and family members already have a Facebook profile. It’s free and easy to join them, and only takes a few moments.

Like most social networking sites, Facebook asks each potential user to create a user profile before they can join. This can contain as little or as much information as you want, although there are some mandatory details.

Once you’ve created your profile, you can also adjust the privacy settings to specify which details you want to be made public

You’ll need:

a computer with an internet connection
an email account set up and ready to send and receive emails.

Follow These Step-By-Step Instructions to Join Facebook

Step 1: Go to the Facebook website

Under ‘Sign Up’, you will see several boxes that require information such as your name and email address.

Step 2: Both the gender and date of birth boxes have information in drop-down lists. Click an arrow to display a list where you can click on the data that matches your personal details. When you’ve filled in all your details and entered your password, click the green Sign Up button.

Step 3: A new window will open, showing some writing (usually nonsense) and an empty box. This is known as a CAPTCHA and is designed to ensure that a human is creating the account, rather than a machine set up for the purposes of spamming or similar. In the box, enter the letters as you see them and then click Sign Up again.

Step 4: Facebook will now open your profile and ask you a series of questions to help you get started. ‘Step 1′ is designed to help you link up with friends who are already using Facebook. To do this, insert the email address that you used to create your profile in the box provided and then click Find friends. Facebook will access your email contacts, match them up with existing Facebook users and make the latter your friends.

If you don’t want to do this now or would prefer to do it manually, click Skip this step.

Step 5: The next step – ‘Step 2′ – is intended to help you build your profile. Remember, people may be searching for Facebook users not just by name but also by school, university or employer. If you’ve decided to use Facebook to renew acquaintances, this information could prove invaluable in helping people find you. If you do want to provide this information, complete the boxes and click Save & continue. However, if you decide that you’d rather not do this now, click Skip

Step 6: The third step will ask you to add a ‘profile picture’. You can either click Upload a Photo to install an existing photograph that you’ve saved on your computer or one that can be accessed from it or – if you have a webcam that takes still images – you could click Take a Photo.

Many people choose to use a picture of something other than themselves for their profile – for instance, a cartoon character or a photo of their children or a favorite pet. If you’d rather have nothing, click Skip. If you add a photo, remember to click Save & Continue when you have finished.

Step 7: This is the last step before you’re ready to start your Facebook adventure! Your brand new Facebook profile page will open with a bar at the top. Click the Go to your email button. This will open your email inbox where you’ll find an email from Facebook containing a hyperlink. Click on this to verify that you’re the person who created the new profile. You’ll then be logged into Facebook, ready to experience all that it has to offer.


Special Feature: iPad Basics - Apps for Everyday Tasks - Safari

From gcflearnfree.org and Jeff Benjamin of idownloadblog.com

Apps for Everyday Tasks

The iPad comes with several different apps that can help you with the things you do every day. Depending on your lifestyle and personality, this could include almost anything. Maybe you like to spend a lot of time online... maybe you need an app that'll help you keep track of to-dos. No matter what, Apple has you covered with the apps below.

Safari for browsing the web
Calendar for managing your schedule
Reminders for staying on top of important tasks
And other tools like Notes, Maps, and Passbook

Best of all, these apps are available for other Apple devices too—including the iPhone, iPod Touch, and Mac.

Have More Than One Apple Device?

There are many benefits to using these apps if you have more than one Apple device. They're designed specifically so you can open the same app anywhere (on your iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch, or Mac), and still experience the same look, feel, and functionality. All of your information will be there too, including your bookmarks, browser history, meetings, to-dos, and more.


Safari is a web browser that comes built into the iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch, and Mac. It's what you'll use to access the internet on your device, using familiar features like the address bar, search bar, and navigation buttons.

Safari lets you do all the things you're used to doing with your web browser, but when you sync with iCloud, you can do even more. For example, you can access your bookmarks on any device. You can even sync your open tabs, so you can seamlessly switch back and forth between all the devices you own.

Have More Than One Apple Device?

Use iCloud to sync the Safari app. To find out if you already have it enabled, visit your device's iCloud settings. Remember, you have to configure each device separately.

iOS 7: The Ultimate Safari Guide

Note: for instructions on how to upgrade to iOS 7, please visit last week’s newsletter:

The Safari browser in iOS 7 has undergone a complete overhaul, and as a result, it’s significantly more usable. As third party browsers continue to gain in popularity on the platform, Apple has responded with a renovated Safari that is leaps and bounds better than its predecessor in many ways.

In this in-depth walkthrough, we guide you through every new facet of Safari in iOS 7. We show you how to get more out of Apple’s revamped default browser.

It’s very safe to say that Safari in iOS 7 is an absolute gargantuan update. There’s tons of new stuff here, including many hidden features that aren’t readily apparent unless you do a lot of tinkering around. As a part of our ongoing iOS 7 walkthrough series, we’re going to go step-by-step through every new feature in Safari for iOS 7.


The nice thing about Safari on iOS 7 is that it’s very similar to its predecessors from a pure usability standpoint. True, as explained above, there are loads of new features and refinements to be found, but at its core, you’ll find it to be familiar.

The new Safari isn’t such a radical change that upgraders will feel alienated, but there are enough new elements that it’s worth exploring and explaining.

The first most obvious thing you’ll notice about the new Safari is its visual redesign. Unsurprisingly, Safari has adopted the new iOS 7 styling, which ushers in a new direction from a visual perspective. Everything from its app icon, to its tab interface has been reimagined.


Prior to iOS 7, the searching and browsing duties were handled by separate input boxes at the top of the browser window. On the left, you had an address bar, which was dedicated specifically to URL entries. On the right, sat a search box, which was dedicated to searches.

When Google released its Chrome browser, it did away with the concept of having multiple input boxes, instead deciding to merge them into one “omnibox.” After using Chrome, it feels very antiquated when you use a browser that still designates separate duties to the boxes, and Apple realizes this. For that reason, Apple has gone on to merge both boxes into one on the iOS 7 version of Safari.

After you type in a normal address and tap go, the desired web page should load as normal. You’ll begin noticing a big difference when you start to scroll down the page as you peruse the content of the page. The address bar will zoom out and reduce in size, and the buttons at the bottom of the page will disappear. This allows for more visible page content.

Fortunately, Apple’s engineers were wise enough to allow users to quickly input content into the search bar without scrolling back to the top of the page. A simple tap of the status bar/address bar area yields its full sized version.

Safari will also display the full address bar and buttons when you perform a hard scroll back towards the top of the page, or when you reach the bottom of the page and the rubber banding animation begins. If you scroll up a page slowly — as when carefully reading — Safari will keep its interface hidden to encourage reading. It’s pretty slick how the whole thing works.

The only real potential downside I can see to this new methodology is for users who use the “scroll to top” gesture often. When you tap the status bar in iOS 6, the page automatically scrolls to the top as a means to quickly get back to the top of the page. When the address bar is reduced in iOS 7, a tap of the status bar will enable the full status bar instead of scrolling to the top. You’ll then have to tap the status bar again in order to engage the “scroll to top” gesture.

Ultimately, this is a much better use of screen real estate when comparing iOS 6 to iOS 7. Although some may reason that iOS 6 is superior in the way it handles page scrolling, because it completely hides the address bar, iOS 7 has two clear advantages:

First, iOS 7 keeps a minimized status bar, so that you always know what page you’re on when browsing content in Safari. Second, because the buttons are now hidden in the iOS 7 version, you actually gain more real estate in Safari on iOS 7, despite the presence of the reduced address bar!

Keyboard shortcuts

Some users might panic when they see that iOS 7 lacks the handy .COM button present in iOS 6. This button allowed users to quickly input popular top level domains. Taping it once inserted the ubiquitous .COM, while tapping and holding the button presented options for other TLDs like .net, .edu, .org, etc.

In iOS 7, there is no dedicated .COM button, but the functionality is still there in some sorts. While it’s true that there is no dedicated .COM button, the period button now acts as its replacement. Tapping and holding the period button will present a list of all of the popular TLDs.

Since .com is by far the most popular TLD, a tap-hold-quick release gesture will quickly allow you to insert .TLD with little delay. True, it’s not as fast as having a dedicated .COM button as in iOS 6, but the need for that probably isn’t as large as you think it is, especially with Safari’s revamped combined search/address box.


If you’ve used Safari on iOS prior to iOS 7, then you’ll know exactly what to do. In fact, if you’ve ever used a modern web browser on a mobile device or on a desktop, then it should still feel second nature.

Upon launching Safari, you’ll see the address bar at the top of the page, and a set of buttons at the bottom of the page. In the mobile versions of Safari, there’s no concept of a “Home page” like there is on desktop browsers. In other words, it’s just a blank page when you open a new tab.

What is new in iOS 7, however, is the ability to view your bookmarks when opening new tabs. If you have Safari synced to your iCloud account, then the bookmarks found in the bookmarks bar on the desktop version of Safari, will be found on each new tab opened.

What’s even better is the fact that the bookmarks are updated on the fly when you change them on the desktop version of Safari and vice versa. For instance, if I delete a bookmark from the bookmarks bar on the OS X version of Safari, the bookmark will disappear from the new tabs page on the iOS version a few seconds later. If I rearrange the order of the folders on the mobile version of Safari, the order of the folders will shortly thereafter reflect the new positioning on the desktop version’s bookmarks bar.

While on the bookmarks page, you can easily rearrange the order of the bookmarks by performing a tap and hold gesture.

Whereas the incumbent iOS 6 could only display 2-3 tabs at the same time (and even that’s a stretch), iOS 7 can display 5-6 tabs at the same time due to its new rolodex inspired interface.

Gestures also play a role in tab management. While in tab view, there are two gestures are available. The first gesture is a tap and hold gesture that allows you to rearrange the tab order.

The second gesture is a left-flick gesture that allows you to remove a tab. You can, of course, also tap the ‘x’ button in the upper left-hand corner of a tab to remove it as well.


In our next newsletter: Bookmarks


Websites of Interest:

Fall Colors 2013
From the U.S. Forest Service, plan your Fall leaf looking tours with the help of their website.

Alternative Gardening
Foods you can regrow from kitchen scraps

Search for the best airfare deals at this website.

Do It Yourself Halloween Decorations
Pumpkin carving templates, witch crafts and ghoulish gourds, spooky candles and much more.