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Welcome to this week's edition of the Computer Kindergarten Newsletter.
Today is Sunday, August 3, 2014

In this Issue:
Special Feature: Avoiding Spyware
Special Feature: The Windows 8.1 Start Screen
Special Feature: Intro to the Mac - Mac OS X Mavericks - Launchpad
This Week's Topic: Print Only Sections of a Page
Special Feature: iPad Basics - Siri and Voice Dictation
Websites of Interest: How to Clean Golf Clubs; Things to Do When You First Get an iPhone; Pill Identifier; Perseids Meteor Showers


Special Feature: Avoiding Spyware

By Peter May of How Stuff Works

When it comes to spyware, the best defense is a great offense. Taking action to avoid getting spyware on your computer in the first place helps prevent you from becoming a victim. That is, of course, easier said than done. However, there are a number of actions you should take to guard against the spyware threat:

* Keep Windows up-to-date by setting up automatic updates in the control panel. Microsoft issues critical updates at least monthly. Many of those are designed to eliminate or avoid specific spyware threats.

* Install an anti-virus software package and keep it updated at all times. There are many of these available, some of which are free. The most popular brands include Norton, Microsoft Defender, McAfee, Spybot, Search & Destroy, Pest Control and Grisoft. Your Internet service provider may offer a utility or guide you to a recommended solution, too.

* Don't download shareware (or anything else for that matter) from unknown sources. Seek out reliable providers of free utilities, such as download.com.

* When you do download software, read the end user license agreement before committing to the installation. When in doubt, do not install the software.

* Don't click on any pop-up or advertisement for free anti-spyware software. These are almost always fake, even if they carry the name and logo of a well-known publisher. Ironically, this is a very popular method used to distribute spyware and other malware. If you're looking for anti-virus software, go directly to the company's Web site and be sure you're where you think you are.

* Set your browser and operating system security level to at least the medium setting (or higher) for best results. You may see a few more warning messages, but it's a small price to pay for security.

* Install a firewall and, if you have a home network, use a separate router, rather than sharing the Internet connection through one of your computers. This puts one more barrier between you and the bad guys.

* Avoid questionable Web sites. If you visit a site that seems strange, there's a good chance you shouldn't be there.

* If a virus alert appears on your screen as you visit a Web site, don't click on it, even to close it. Instead, type control-alt-delete to launch the Task Manager and use the "End Task" command to close the window. Next, use your own anti-virus software to run a complete scan of the system.

* Never open an e-mail attachment if you are uncertain of its source.


In our next newsletter:
Spyware Removal


Special Feature: The Windows 8.1 Start Screen

By Rob Margel of msdn.com

Your Apps, Friends, and Sites in One Place

Start is the heart of your PC—it’s where you open apps and desktop programs, see what your friends are doing, and get to your favorite websites and files.

The tiles on Start can show updates from your friends, new email, app notifications, and the next appointment on your calendar at a glance, even without opening an app. And because everyone who uses the PC can sign in with their own Microsoft account, each person can personalize their own tiles, colors, and backgrounds.

Getting to Start

There are a few ways to get back to Start from anywhere on your PC.

Start button - Tap or click the Start button in the lower-left corner of the screen.
Press the Windows logo key Windows logo key on your keyboard.
Open the charms and then tap or click Start.

Seeing All Your Apps

You can find all your apps and programs in the Apps view. To get to the Apps view, slide up from the middle of the Start screen with your finger, or click the arrow near the lower-left corner of the Start screen.

When you install a new app from the Windows Store, it'll appear in the Apps view. Then, you can pin it to your Start screen or desktop taskbar if you want to get to it quickly.

Pinning Apps You Use Often

You can pin your favorite apps to the Start screen and the desktop taskbar so you can get to them quickly and see updates on their tiles at a glance.

Step 1
Slide up from the middle of screen to get to the Apps view. (If you’re using a mouse, click the arrow near the lower-left corner of the screen.)

Step 2
Press and hold or right-click the app you want to pin. You can select more than one app and pin them all at once.

Step 3
Tap or click Pin to Start or Pin to taskbar. The apps you pinned will appear at the end of your Start screen or desktop taskbar.

To quickly search for an app, just start typing the name from either the Start screen or Apps view.

Unpinning Apps from Start

If you decide you don’t want a tile to be on your Start screen any more, you can unpin it from Start. Unpinning an app is different than uninstalling it—if you unpin an app from your Start screen, the app will still appear when you search for it, and it’ll still be in the Apps view if you need to find it again.

To unpin an app from Start

1. On the Start screen, press and hold or right-click the tile you want to unpin.
You can select more tiles to unpin them all at once. To clear your selections, on the Start screen or in Apps view, tap or click an open space on the screen, or tap or click Customize.

2. Tap or click Unpin from Start.
The apps you selected will be removed from your Start screen, but will still appear in Apps view and when you search for them.


In our next newsletter: Organize your Start screen


Special Feature: Intro to the Mac - Mac OS X Mavericks - Launchpad

From gcflearnfree.org

Launchpad displays all of the apps installed on your Mac. They are arranged into one or more "pages," and you can switch to a different page by using the arrow keys, by clicking and dragging to the left or right, or by using a swiping gesture (if you have a Magic Mouse or trackpad).

To get the most out of Launchpad, you may want to reorganize it. For example, you may want to move all of your favorite apps to the first page so you can open them more quickly. You can also create folders in Launchpad to house similar apps.

To Reorganize Launchpad:

Click the Launchpad icon on the Dock to open it. Alternatively, you can use a thumb and three-finger pinch (if you have a trackpad).

You will see icons for each app that is installed on your computer. Click and drag an icon to change the ordering.

You can move an icon from one page to another by dragging it to the right or left edge of the screen. The page will turn, and you can drop the icon on the new page.

To Create a Folder in Launchpad:

In Launchpad, click and drag an icon directly onto another icon. The two icons will be placed into a new folder. Once the folder has been created, you can drag more apps into it if you want.

To Remove a Folder in Launchpad:

In Launchpad, click on the folder to open it.

Click and drag the apps out of the folder area. Once the folder is empty, it will disappear automatically.


In our next newsletter: Mission Control


Today's Topic: Print Only Sections of a Page

Save on your printer ink by selectively printing in Windows programs such as Microsoft Word, Excel, Internet Explorer (and other browsers), WordPad, Outlook, etc.

To do this, follow these steps:

Highlight the portions of text you want to print.
Click the Print icon or the Print option in the File menu.
The printer dialog window will open. In the Page Range or Settings area (depending on the program you’re using) choose the option Selection.
Click Print.


Special Feature: iPad Basics - Siri and Voice Dictation

From gcflearnfree.org

Why type your emails when your device can do it for you? If you have an iPad, iPhone, or iPod Touch with Siri enabled, you can use voice dictation to compose emails instead of relying on the keyboard. This can be especially useful if you need to type a long email in a hurry.

To use voice dictation in the Mail app, open the app, start a new email, tap in the text area of the email, and then tap the microphone icon on your keyboard. Then say your message out loud, and Siri will try to transcribe it for you.

Alternatively, you can ask Siri to perform the whole task for you, from start to finish. For example, press the Home button and then say, "Email Frank. Let me know if you want to get together next week."

Follow Siri’s prompts, and it will not only transcribe your message; it will also use the Mail app to send it—all without any extra effort from you.

In our next edition: Messages


Websites of Interest:

How to Clean Golf Clubs

Things to Do When You First Get an iPhone

Pill Identifier
Not sure about those leftover pills still in the bathroom cabinet? This site can tell you what they are.

Perseids Meteor Showers
The next meteor shower is the Perseids on the nights of August 11 and 12. Learn all about meteor showers here at this site.