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Welcome to this week's edition of the Computer Kindergarten Newsletter.
Today is Sunday, July 21, 2013

In this Issue:
Special Feature: Protecting Your PC While Browsing Online
Tips & Tricks: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: Ignore Delivery Failures of Messages You Did Not Send
Special Series: Windows 8: How to Navigate Microsoft's New Operating System
This Week's Topic: Clear Old Web Sites in Search Box
Special Feature: iPad Basics - Communication Apps
Websites of Interest: Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites; National Senior Citizens Law Center; July 23 is National Hot Dog Day; How to Survive a Heat Wave without Air-Conditioning

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Special Feature: Protecting Your PC While Browsing Online

By Chad Stetson of worldstart.com

Question: Is it possible for a web site that I’m viewing to obtain my email address from my PC in order to send me spam or for another malicious purpose?

Answer:
While there are a few ways that hackers could obtain your e-mail address while you’re viewing a specific page, the circumstances involved make this a very rare occurrence. Typically, it is impossible for anyone to get your e-mail address if you’re simply browsing a Web page. If, however, you enter your e-mail address anywhere on the site, such as during login or to be added to a mailing list, there is a possibility that a hacker could obtain this information.

Another way hackers steal e-mail addresses and account information, which is more harmful, is by phishing. They send e-mails that look like they’re from legitimate companies, including Facebook, EBay and banks. These e-mails contain a link to a login page that looks like the real login page, but is actually a fake designed to steal your login information. Although you cannot prevent every attempt that is made to steal your e-mail address or access your e-mail account, there are several things you can do to eliminate the occurrences.

Choose a Browser with Built-in Security

Most of the more commonly used Web browsers, including Google Chrome, Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox have built-in security features to help users cut down on malicious attempts to gather data.

Browsers will often alert you when something’s not right with a Web page. While there’s a possibility there is nothing malicious about the page or the site, it may be best to steer clear of these pages just to be safe.

Install Anti-Virus and Malware Protection Software

If your computer is connected to the Internet, anti-virus software is a must. Viruses are capable of a wide range of malicious activities, including spamming everyone in your e-mail address book or destroying all the data on your hard drive. Your computer can only be infected by a virus if you open a file that has the virus inside. This is why you should only open e-mail attachments from people you know. If you must open an attachment from an unknown source, run it through a virus scan first.

Spyware and malware are additional pieces of software that you may find on your computer. You do not want these programs on your computer either. If your anti-virus software does not scan and remove spyware or malware, look for a program that will hunt these little buggers down and get rid of them for you.

Think Before You Click

Hackers will try just about anything to gain access to your information, so make sure to surf the Web and click on links, both there and in your e-mail, wisely. If you get a suspicious looking e-mail from your bank or any other company you deal with regularly, it’s best to go to the company’s Web site directly and enter your login information, rather than clicking the link provided in the e-mail. Also, if you get a notification about a package or a listing on Ebay that you have no knowledge of, it may be best to ignore the e-mail or contact the company directly to see if it’s legitimate.

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Tips & Tricks: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: Ignore Delivery Failures of Messages You Did Not Send

Spam, spam and spam. How to avoid spam, how to filter spam, and how to complain about spam are the items on this menu of junk mail fighting tips. With the help of Heinz Tschabitscher of about.com, we are presenting an ongoing series of tips and tricks that you can use to minimize the amount of junk mail that you will receive in your email inbox.

Why Spammers and Virus-Generated Mail Use Fake From: Addresses

For totally understandable (and entirely unacceptable) reasons, spammers rarely send their unsolicited messages using their own email address in the From: field. Not only would this reveal their identity, it would also allow you and the millions of other recipients to write angry replies.

Authors of worms and viruses desire the opposite to what spammers want, but the result is similar. For worms to spread, social engineering is important, and a crucial point is that the malicious code appears to come from a friendly or even trusted source.
At the same time, the From: line should not contain the email address of the infected computer's owner. The reply from a virus filter notifying them that their computer was infested could alert them. That is why worms put real, but random addresses in the From: line. They usually pick them up from the email clients' address books.

For both spam and worms don't care who the recipients of their — hopefully millions — of replicas are, the messages often go to email addresses that are inactive, full or have never existed.

When, How and Why Delivery Failure Reports are Generated

Since email delivery usually works (or at least did before overzealous spam filters started blocking legitimate mail), success is not normally reported but failures are. If you have ever mistyped an email address I'm sure you know the often detailed, not always easy to parse but usually alarming "delivery failure" messages.

Ignore Delivery Failures of Messages You Did Not Send

Now, what happens if a spammer or a virus decides to put your email address in the From: line can be annoying, disturbing or disastrous. If the messages claiming delivery failures of messages you did not author (sometimes, these bounces of messages you did not send are called "backscatter") don't come in the thousands, it is usually best to ignore them.

Use your antivirus program to scan your computer for viruses and worms!!

In our next edition: Disguise Your Email Address in Newsgroups, Forums, Blog Comments, Chat

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Special Series: Windows 8: How to Navigate Microsoft's New Operating System

By Sean Hollister of theverge.com

The gestures, keyboard shortcuts, and tips you need to get your bearings in Windows 8.

Congratulations, you've gotten Windows 8. Now what? Now, you have to figure out how to actually use Microsoft's new operating system before your boss, friends, or family expect you to do something productive. That's just what this guide is for. We'll show you how to find your desktop again, how to change Windows settings, and what those fancy new touchscreen gestures are all about. We'll explain how to do the same things with a mouse and keyboard, in the rather likely event that you aren't using touchscreen hardware.

In other words, we'll show you how to get where you're going in Windows 8, so that you can get back to work.

GESTURES

Windows 8's primary user interface looks like something you'd see on a smartphone, and it can be controlled like one too. It even has a lock screen, a nice colorful picture with no obvious button to get to where you're going. To dismiss the screen, swipe up. It's the first of many basic gestures you'll learn. Mouse or touchpad: press any key, or click once.

When you make it to the Start Screen, you'll be greeted by a field of Live Tiles, each one corresponding to a software app. Tap any one of them to launch that program, or press and hold to drag the tile anywhere you want. Pretty easy so far, right? If you've already had enough of the new Windows 8 UI and want to get to your familiar Desktop, that's a tile you can click as well. Mouse or touchpad: click to launch, or click and drag to move tiles around. Keyboard: Windows + D gets you to the desktop immediately, no matter where you are.

Swipe down gently on any tile on the Start screen to select it, and open a menu: you can unpin apps, uninstall them, and make some Live Tiles larger or smaller, in addition to a variety of other possible options. You can select multiple tiles at a time this way, to unpin a whole bunch of apps at once. Mouse or touchpad: right-click on any tile.

On the Start Screen, or inside apps, you can also drag across the screen with a single finger to scroll, or get a zoomed out view of all your Start screen apps by pinching two fingers together. Swipe with two fingers on a touchpad or use a mouse scroll wheel to scroll, and hold down Ctrl and use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.

Once you're in a program — let's say Internet Explorer — swipe down from the top or swipe up from the bottom of the screen to pull up a menu of app-specific commands. In Internet Explorer, you'll see your open website tabs up top, and on the bottom you'll see Back, Forward and Refresh controls flanking the URL bar. With mouse or touchpad, right-click anywhere where it wouldn't activate a different function. With keyboard, Windows + Z.

Drag from the very top to the very bottom of the screen to close an app. Mouse or touchpad: Click and drag instead. Keyboard: Alt + F4.

Swipe from the right side of the screen to activate the Charms menu, where you can quickly search or share, send documents to devices (like printers) or access computer settings. Mouse or touchpad: you'll use a hot corner instead: put your cursor in the upper-right or lower-right hand corner for Charms to appear. Keyboard: Windows + C.

Tap the Start charm, or press the Windows button on your computer or keyboard, to go back to the Start screen again. Mouse or touchpad: put your cursor in the lower-left hand corner and click.

MULTITASKING

If you have a few apps open, swipe from the left edge of the screen to cycle through your previously used apps one at a time. You can swipe repeatedly. Mouse and touchpad: put your cursor in the upper-left hand corner of the screen and tap on the little image that appears. Keyboard: Windows + Tab.

Swipe away from the left edge, and then towards it again, to pull up the app switcher. Mouse or touchpad: place your cursor in the upper-left corner, then drag it down along the left edge.

If you've got multiple apps open, why not view two side by side? Drag an app from the left edge and hold it over the left or right side of the screen to snap a smaller version alongside. Or, drag down from the top of the screen, as if you were going to close an app, then snap it to the left or right. Mouse or touchpad: click and drag from the top-left corner, or right-click on an item in the app switcher.

Drag the three-dot divider to make the smaller of two visible apps larger, or the larger one smaller. Keyboard: Windows + period key.

Where it gets a little tricky is when you're using multiple apps and multiple desktop programs at the same time. The desktop apps won't appear in the app switcher, but if you've got a keyboard handy you can multitask with them, too. Hit Alt-Tab to cycle through both Windows 8 apps and traditional programs.

MORE HANDY KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS

Windows + H = Opens the Share charm
Windows + I = Opens the Settings charm
Windows + K = Opens the Devices charm
Windows + Q = Search for apps
Windows + F = Search for files
Windows + W = Search for Windows settings
Windows + X = Access common admin tools (you can right-click on the lower-left hand hot corner, too)
Windows + E = Launches File Explorer in the desktop environment
Windows + O = lock screen orientation
Windows + R = Opens a Run dialog
Windows + L = Lock the computer
Windows + Print Screen = Saves a screenshot to your Pictures > Screenshots folder
Windows + any of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0 = Launches the corresponding program pinned to the taskbar
Ctrl + Shift + Esc = Open Task Manager

In our next edition: The Start Screen

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Today's Topic: Clear Old Web Sites in Search Box

By Rita Wood of worldstart.com

Question: I would like to know how to clear all the web sites in my search bar. How do I do this?

Answer:
It is easy to clear all the websites in your search bar and it only takes a few minutes. You can clear the websites from your search bar in the Firefox or Internet Explorer by performing the following steps:

Clear Internet Explorer Search History:

Open Internet Explorer. Press the Ctrl+Shift+Delete buttons simultaneously on your keyboard

Check the History and Form data check boxes, and then click the Delete button.

Clear Firefox Search History:

Click the Firefox Tools menu. Alternatively, you can press Alt-T on your keyboard to open the Tools menu.

Select History and then select Clear Recent History.

Click the drop-down next to Time range to clear and select how much of your history you want to clear.

Click the drop-down arrow next to Details.

Check the Browsing & Download History and Form & Search History checkboxes.

Click the Clear Now button.

The websites should now be cleared from your search bar.

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Special Feature: iPad Basics - Communication Apps

From gcflearnfree.org

There are thousands of apps available for the iPad—both in the App Store, and built into your device. If you're just getting started, however, there are a few that are absolutely essential. This includes:

Contacts for managing your contacts list
Mail for checking your email
Messages for instant messaging
And other tools like FaceTime, Twitter, and Facebook

These are the apps that are going to help you communicate on your device, so you can keep in touch with friends, family, and other contacts. And the great thing about them is the fact that they're available for other Apple devices too—including the iPhone, iPod Touch, and Mac.

Have More Than One Apple Device?

There are many benefits to using these apps if you have more than one Apple device. They're designed specifically so you can open the same app anywhere (on your iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch, or Mac), and still experience the same look, feel, and functionality. All of your information will be there too, including your contacts, email, messaging history, and more.

Contacts

Contacts may be one of the most important apps on your device. Not just because it contains so much important information (including valuable names, phone numbers, and more), but also because it's heavily integrated with so many other apps.

For example, it's what makes instant messaging so efficient. All you have to do is open the Messages app, and if the person is saved to your contacts list, you can start chatting with them right way. The same goes for Mail. You can email anyone you know in seconds.

In short, even if you don't think you'll use the app itself very much, your device will use the information it contains all the time. That's why it's important to understand what Contacts is—because it has so much potential to improve your experience with apps.

Sharing Contacts with Multiple Apple Devices

Use iCloud to sync the Contacts app. To find out if you already have it enabled, visit your device's iCloud settings. Remember, you have to configure each device separately.

Importing Contacts

For many people, importing contacts from another device or service—technically a form of syncing—happens along the way. However, your options will vary depending on the type of device you have.

If you purchased an iPhone at a retail store, the sales associate probably set up your device as a courtesy to you. If they didn't, you may need to go back and ask them to transfer the contents of your SIM card. You can do this with an iPad too if you have one of the cellular models.

There are also certain mobile apps that allow you to sync or import your contacts from another service. For example, when you sign into Mail for the first time, you should have the option of syncing the contacts that are stored in your email account. This will add them to the Contacts app.

As a last resort, you may need to input some or all of your contacts manually—especially if your only Apple device is a Mac. However, once this step is complete, your contacts will be much easier to sync/import in the future. You'll be able to sync the app to iCloud, so you can access your contacts on any other Apple device. This is especially useful if you upgrade to a newer Apple device in the future.

Using Contacts in Other Apps

To select a contact when using another app, tap the + button. Then select the person's name from the list. Alternatively, you can start typing any information from their contact card (for example, name, email address, or phone number), and your device will pull them up automatically.

This technique works in Mail, Messages, and any other app that allows you to use your contacts list.

Adding to Contacts

To add someone to your contacts from inside another app, simply tap their name or contact information. You'll be able to add them as a new contact, or add their information to an existing contact. The latter is useful if the person has more than one email address or phone number.

Contacts for Mac

Need to add several new contacts at once? It might be easier to do it on your computer if you have a Mac. Many people prefer their Mac for tasks that require a lot of typing, simply because you have access to a full-size keyboard.

In our next edition: Mail

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Websites of Interest:

Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites
If you are interested in genealogy, this is a great place to visit.
http://www.cyndislist.com/

National Senior Citizens Law Center
Use this site to keep up-to-date on laws that are passed that affect senior citizens.
http://www.nsclc.org/

July 23 is National Hot Dog Day
Read all about it!
http://holidayinsights.com/moreholidays/July/hotdogday.htm

How to Survive a Heat Wave without Air-Conditioning
Helpful tips from Medicine Net.
http://tinyurl.com/6a4t74