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Welcome to this week's edition of the Computer Kindergarten Newsletter.
Today is Sunday, March 6, 2016

In this Issue:
Special Feature: How Scammers Find You
Special Feature: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: How to Submit Spam to SpamCop via Email
Special Feature: Windows 10
Today's Topic: Speed Up a Slow Computer – Optimize Display Settings
Special Feature: For Your iPad or iPhone: How to Upgrade to the Latest iOS
Websites of Interest: International Women's Day; W. M. Keck Observatory; History of World War One; Guide to Organizing Your Home

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Special Feature: How Scammers Find You

From aarp.org

Ever wonder how scammers get your phone number, address or email? Is it random or is there science to the targeting? Experts say it's both.

AARP Fraud Watch Network Ambassador Frank W. Abagnale, a long time FBI consultant whose early life as a con artist was portrayed in the film "Catch Me If You Can," equates it with playing roulette. Sometimes your unlucky number just comes up. But AARP Foundation's Amy Nofziger, who has degrees in criminology and sociology, cites three additional reasons.

1. Data purchases. "Scammers buy phone numbers from companies that sell data," she explains. "They'll use the same methods legitimate marketing companies do, but for nefarious purposes."

2. Con artists network. "If you've been a victim of a fraud or scam, you're put on a so-called sucker list," Nofziger says. "The lists are bought, sold, traded and stolen among scammers because they're perceived as potential gold mines. Scammers will usually target the victims with a 'recovery' or 'reload' scam. They pretend to be from a consumer group or law enforcement agency and trick you into thinking they'll help get your money back — for a fee."

3. Volunteered info. This is personal info you willingly divulge by entering giveaways and sweepstakes, or when filling out surveys. "Scammers use all this to create profiles for who they want to target," Nofziger says. "Often they'll target older adults, who they perceive as holding the majority of wealth in this country."

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Special Feature: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: How to Submit Spam to SpamCop via Email

Spam, spam and spam. How to avoid spam, how to filter spam, and how to complain about spam are the items on this menu of junk mail fighting tips. With the help of Heinz Tschabitscher of about.com, we are presenting an ongoing series of tips and tricks that you can use to minimize the amount of junk mail that you will receive in your email inbox.

Reporting spam via SpamCop's Web interface is a great way of fighting it.

But the constant view-message-source — copy — open-SpamCop-page — paste — submit cycle can get time consuming and tedious if you get lots of spam. That is why I prefer to submit my spam via email.

To submit spam to SpamCop via email, you first need to find out your personal submission email address. Every registered user has one, and it is displayed on the SpamCop home page, right below the welcome message.

Now forward unrequested, unwanted emails to this address to have it parsed by SpamCop.

It is important that you forward the message as an attachment and not inline. One of the big advantages of submitting spam via email is that you can insert multiple messages at once: just forward them in one email.

Once SpamCop has processed the spam, it will send a mail back to you containing the URL you can use to report the spammer.

http://www.spamcop.net/

In our next edition: Use a Good Anti-Spam Program

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Special Feature: Windows 10

Windows 10 is the latest version of Microsoft's operating system for PCs and tablets. It was released July 29, 2015.

Unlike previous versions of the Windows operating system, Windows 10 is available as a free upgrade, as long as you have Windows 7 or Windows 8.1. This free upgrade offer will expire after one year, ending sometime in August 2016. For those who don't get Windows 10 during this time, it will be available for purchase.

Windows 10 received mostly positive reviews upon its original release. Many users complained that Windows 8 (the previous version) was confusing and difficult to use. As a result, Windows 10 looks and feels similar to older versions. For example, whereas Windows 8 uses the Start screen to launch applications, Windows 10 uses the traditional Start menu. Still, Windows 10 includes lot of new features and improvements.

In our next newsletter: How Do I Get Windows 10?

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Today's Topic: Speed Up a Slow Computer – Optimize Display Settings

As your Windows computer ages, its speed can decrease. You will notice an increase in response time when you give commands to open programs, files or folders, use the Internet and other tasks. There are several things you can do to speed up your computer.

In our ongoing series, Speed Up a Slow Computer, we will present articles discussing some of the steps you can take to speed up your slow computer.

Important: Before making any changes to your system, always create a Restore Point. If anything goes wrong with the changes you make, this will allow you to revert back to a point when the computer was operating correctly. Please visit our Newsletter Archives to read our article, All About Restore Points:
http://computerkindergarten.com/restorepoints.html

Optimize Display Settings

Windows uses many resources to show visual items. You can disable some of these effects. Your display may not look as good, but you should to get more speed out of your computer.

Windows XP:

Click the Start button and open Control Panel
Open System and click the Advanced tab at the top.
Click the Performance tab at the top and then click Settings.
If it is not already selected, click the circle to the left of Custom. This will allow you to enable or disable any of the settings listed below. To disable, click the checkbox to the left of the setting. If a box does not have a checkmark in it, it is already disabled.

All items except the following, can be disabled:

- Show shadows under menus
- Show shadows under mouse pointer
- Show translucent selection rectangle
- Use drop shadows for icons labels on the desktop
- Use visual styles on windows and buttons

Click the OK button and close any open windows.

It is recommended that you disable one or two of these features and then use your computer for a while. With only one or two disabled, you may not see an increase in speed, but you will be able to tell whether you like the look of the display or not.

Windows Vista / 7:

Click the Start Orb (the circle with the Windows logo, bottom left).
Open Control Panel.
Click Classic View on the left.
Open System.
Click Advanced system settings on the left.
The System Properties window will open. Click the Advanced tab at the top.
In the Performance area, click the Settings button.
If it is not already selected, click the circle to the left of Custom. This will allow you to enable or disable any of the settings listed below. To disable, click the checkbox to the left of the setting. If a box does not have a checkmark in it, it is already disabled.

All items except the following can be disabled:

- Show shadows under menus
- Show shadows under mouse pointer
- Show translucent selection rectangle
- Use drop shadows for icons labels on the desktop
- Use visual styles on windows and buttons

Click the OK button and close any open windows.

It is recommended that you disable one or two of these features and then use your computer for a while. With only one or two disabled, you may not see an increase in speed, but you will be able to tell whether you like the look of the display or not.

Windows 8

Although Microsoft claims – and with justification too – that Windows 8 is the most optimized and fastest OS provided by them, there will always be tweak enthusiasts and power users who want to squeeze out the last drop of performance to make Windows run faster. Windows 8 offers some visual effects and features that can be disabled to improve its performance – similar to what was being offered in Windows 7. See the steps here:
http://tinyurl.com/mercydj

In our next edition, The Performance Troubleshooter

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Special Feature: For Your iPad or iPhone: How to Upgrade to the Latest iOS

With every new release of iOS, Apple introduces a number of different features and security updates.

Follow this link to learn how to update your iPad and iPhone:
http://tinyurl.com/kdfju6b

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Websites of Interest:

International Women's Day
International Women's Day, originally called International Working Women's Day, is celebrated on March 8 every year.
http://www.internationalwomensday.com/

W. M. Keck Observatory
Take a look at some amazing pictures from the summit of Hawaii’s Mauna Kea volcano.
http://www.keckobservatory.org/

History of World War One
http://www.bl.uk/world-war-one

Guide to Organizing Your Home
http://tinyurl.com/hd4fvdg