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Welcome to this week's edition of the Computer Kindergarten Newsletter.
Today is Sunday, February 9, 2014

In this Issue:
Special Feature: How Your Facebook Page Could Help ID Thieves
Tips & Tricks: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: How to Use Bayesian Spam Filtering to Get Rid of Junk Email
Special Feature: Intro to the Mac - Viewing Information about Your Mac
This Week's Topic: Windows 7 - Libraries
Special Feature: iPad Basics - Operating Your Device
Websites of Interest: Presidents Day; Valentine’s Day; Random Acts of Kindness Week


Special Feature: How Your Facebook Page Could Help ID Thieves

From worldstart.com

Your Facebook, Twitter, Google+ or Instagram account could be the perfect tool for thieves looking to steal your identity. Why? Because of the information you share. Research by Next Advisor showed that 68% of people with public profiles shared their birthday and 18% offered up their phone numbers out there for anyone who might come across it. Those are two very handy pieces of information for scammers.

Other big help for crooks: photos of your pets, your relationship status and information about where you went to school or grew up. When you go to retrieve or change a password, you will often get asked a question like “What was the name of your first pet?” or “Where did you go to elementary school?”

Since anniversaries and birthdays are often used in passwords, those dates can provide clues as to what yours might be. Pet names are also a top choice for passwords and crooks know that. An open social media profile can make that important information available to anyone.

So check your privacy settings to make sure that only your friends can see your account. Click the gear icon, top right. Click Settings. Click Privacy on the left. In Privacy Settings and Tools, you can edit “Who can see my stuff?”

Also be careful about who you accept as friends or contacts. Make sure these people are actually friends. Or if you prefer to have a public account, be very careful about the information you choose to share.

Better safe than sorry.


Tips & Tricks: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: How to Use Bayesian Spam Filtering to Get Rid of Junk Email

Spam, spam and spam. How to avoid spam, how to filter spam, and how to complain about spam are the items on this menu of junk mail fighting tips. With the help of Heinz Tschabitscher of about.com, we are presenting an ongoing series of tips and tricks that you can use to minimize the amount of junk mail that you will receive in your email inbox.

Of all the spam filtering techniques, Bayesian spam filtering is the most promising. By analyzing messages that you have classified as spam, Bayesian junk mail filters can calculate the probability of new mail being spam.

Since Bayesian spam filters not only take spam into account but also look at all the good mail, they can get a pretty good idea what is characteristic of spam, and since they learn with every message, Bayesian spam filters adapt to the latest spammer tricks automatically.

To make use of Bayesian spam filtering choose from the growing number of email clients, anti-spam tools and general filters implementing Bayesian spam filtering:


In our next edition: Don't Believe Spammers When They Say "You Requested"


Special Feature: Intro to the Mac - Viewing Information about Your Mac

From gcflearnfree.org

To upgrade to Mavericks, you'll need to know what kind of hardware your Mac has, as well as which version of OS X you are using. Then, you can compare it with the requirements above to decide whether you'll be able to upgrade. On a Mac, all of your system information is visible from the About This Mac window.

Click the Apple icon in the top left corner of the screen and select About This Mac.

A window will appear that shows information about your hardware and software.

Software Compatibility

In order for software to work, it has to be compatible with the operating system. Therefore, you may not be able to use all of your existing software if you switch to a different operating system. Before you switch, ask yourself if there is any software that you can't do without—and then do some research to find out if it is compatible with Mavericks.

Upgrading from Earlier Versions of OS X

If you are upgrading from an earlier version of OS X, most of your apps should still work. However, it's possible that some might not. A simple Google search will often be enough to tell if an app will be compatible in Mavericks.

In our next newsletter: Installing OS X Mavericks


Today's Topic: Windows 7 - Libraries

By Jim Henderson of makeuseof.com

There is a new feature in Windows 7 called libraries.

First off, this isn’t difficult or complicated, and it is very cool. Windows XP and Vista used something called Known Folders as a standard set of places for you to store your files. In XP, the primary folder was My Documents, and there were some additional known folders inside that for My Pictures and My Music.

In Vista, some other folders were added to the picture, but the structure was much the same. There was one major change though. Microsoft removed the ‘My’ part of the names, so we ended up with Documents and Pictures. Windows 7 takes that base and does something stunning with it.

Windows 7 contains a set of libraries. Each one works that same way, and they all take the place of the standard folders in XP and Vista.

A Library can be treated like a folder with a group of subfolders inside it, and can also pull some nifty tricks all of its own. The important thing to remember is this: the subfolders are not actually stored in the library. They are just made to seem as though they are. Each library has some default contents, but you can change these, and also create new libraries if you wish.

If you’re feeling a little confused, this example should clear it right up.

I’m a photographer, so the most interesting library to me is Pictures, but all of this applies to any library you choose. They all sit inside the Libraries, which is available as soon as you start Windows Explorer, so let’s start there.

As you can see, the four default libraries are here. Double-click the Pictures library to have a look inside it.

Inside Pictures is a single folder, called Sample Pictures. Now, come for an example. It’s 2013, and you have a new Windows 7 computer. You’ve taken a whole lot of photographs, and you want somewhere to put them. Easy. Create a folder in the library, just the way you do anywhere else. Right-click in the open space, choose new folder, and give it a name. Like 2013 for instance.

Now double-click that folder to open it, and put all your images in it.

Okay, now so far this is all just the way a folder would work, right? You could also create more subfolders in here if you needed to. No problem. But in this case, you didn’t need to.
Now, a year or so goes by, and you’ve been busy using up disk space with whatever you usually use to fill it. You bought yourself a new USB hard drive, and plugged it in. It popped up as your E: drive, and you stored some more images there.

All good so far, except that now you have two places to look for images, unless you can remember which year you took them. Library to the rescue.

If we go back to the Picture Library, you can see there’s a link under title. It currently says 2 Locations. Click the link.

By default, the library includes files from your own Pictures folder and also the Windows 7 Public Pictures folder. We want to add another location. The place we stored the 2014 images. Click the Add”¦ button, and browse to the folder that contains the folder you put the images in. So, don’t choose E:\pictures\2014, just E:\pictures.

Click the Include folder button, and then OK. It might take a while to save the changes but then, you’ll see that a new location has been added, and the photos are now all available in the library, just as though they had been moved there.

So why is this so cool?
The pictures have not been moved
The link is live. That is, if you add more folders inside E:\Pictures, then they will also appear in the library
You can, with the right network setup, add folders from other computers to the libraries
You can create whole new libraries if you wish

Let me just add another folder to keep it interesting. Now that you know how it works, I’ll show you a short-cut as well.

Browse to the location where you have your Last Vacation pictures stored.

Now click the Include in library button.

Choose the Pictures library. (You’ll get that same delay as the files are added). Browse back to the library, and you’ll see you have yet another folder’s images.


Special Feature: iPad Basics - Operating Your Device

From gcflearnfree.org

To interact with your device, you'll need to understand the basics of iOS, the operating system for the iPad (and also the iPhone). You'll catch your first glimpse of it when you turn on your iPad for the first time. iOS is what powers the iPad's hands-on features, including the multi-touch screen, easy-to-use interface, and built-in apps. In short, it's what makes the iPad work the way that it does.

Getting to Know the Interface

The status bar at the top of the screen displays current information about your iPad. This includes (from left to right) the status of your internet connection, the time, and your remaining battery life.

To view your notifications, pull or swipe down anywhere on the status bar. A window will show you reminders, unread emails, and other activity on your iPad. To go to the source of the notification, just tap the one you want.

The screen you see is called the Home screen; however, it may help to think of it as similar to your computer desktop. It's where all of your apps are kept, and it's the first thing you see when you turn on your device. You can have multiple Home screens, to make room for more apps, and to organize the icons. To navigate between screens, swipe left or right.

The icons you see are shortcuts to your apps. There are icons for the 20 built-in apps that came with iOS. If you choose to download more apps, the icons will appear here too. To open an app, simply tap the one you want.

The dock at the bottom of the screen is designed for your most frequently used apps. By default, it includes Safari, Mail, Photos, and Music. You can customize your dock by adding or removing icons, so you always have access to your favorites.

Multi-Touch Gestures

Gestures, sometimes called multi-touch gestures, are what you'll use to interact with the touchscreen on your device. Because there's nothing between you and the screen, all it takes is the touch of a finger to power your favorite apps, navigate the web, and access all the things you love.

Tap to "click" or select something on the screen; for example, an app, a link—even a song you want to download. You can also tap and hold to occasionally access other options (think of this as "right-clicking").

Drag to scroll up and down, left or right, or any other direction on the screen.

Swipe left or right to flip through photos, pages in an e-book, pages on the Home screen, and more.

Swipe left or right with 4 or 5 fingers to switch between open apps.

Double tap to zoom in or out on photos, webpages, and certain apps.

Pinch to zoom in or out almost anywhere.

Pinch 4 or 5 fingers together to jump to the Home screen, no matter where you are.

Swipe up with 4 or 5 fingers to pull up the multitasking bar.

In our next edition:
Introduction to Apps


Websites of Interest:

Next Monday is Presidents Day. Visit this site for biographies of all presidents of the United States of America.

George Washington
Learn more about the first president and his life at Mount Vernon.

February 12 is Abraham Lincoln’s birthday.
For historical materials, including his writings and speeches

Learn about the Emancipation Proclamation at the Library of Congress website:

Visit the National Park Services website for a virtual tour of the Lincoln home in Springfield Illinois, a timeline of Lincoln’s life, information on his family and more.

February 14 is Valentine’s Day
Happy Valentine’s Day! How did Cupid become the symbol of Valentine’s Day? This website explains:

Valentine’s History, resources, information and much more

This week is Random Acts of Kindness Week
Inspiring people to practice kindness and pass it on to others.