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Welcome to this week's edition of the Computer Kindergarten Newsletter.
Today is Sunday, February 2, 2014

In this Issue:
Special Feature: Strengthen your Online Privacy: Important Things to Do
Tips & Tricks: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: How to Make Sure Your ISP Does Not Filter Your Newsletters as Spam
Special Feature: Intro to the Mac - Upgrading to OS X Mavericks
This Week's Topic: Windows 7 - Gadgets
Special Feature: iPad Basics - Apple ID
Websites of Interest: Super Bowl; Denver Broncos; Seattle Seahawks; Super Bowl Recipes; Puppy Bowl; Groundhog Day; Punxsutawney Phil; Malverne Mel; Holtsville Hal


Special Feature: Strengthen your Online Privacy: Important Things to Do

By Manish Singh of http://techpp.com/

Regardless of how tough the anti-virus is you use, how strict you are at sharing and receiving files from others, how carefully you deal with the links in the emails you receive, and what kind of Operating System you use, criminal minds will always find ways to fool you. In recent times, most of the hacks and crimes that we have seen were all executed or at least revolved around the labyrinth of your internet browser.

So at last, it all comes down to this: how secure is your internet browser? What kind of hidden things does it share? As much as we love to use free services, is there any dark side of this coin we are not aware of? How can we use some little unknown services to prevent ourselves from these brutal hacks? And, what changes you could make to strengthen the security of your browser?

Stop Websites from Tracking You

There is an old saying, “If you’re not paying for the product, you’re the product, not the customer.” The advertising in recent years has come to be very targeted and personalized. One of the things that enables them achieve this sits silently under your browser and is called a cookie. Cookies track your web activity – record the kind of sites you visit, the kind of products you buy. Thanks to laptop and portable mobile devices, they can even track the places you go. While it has its own benefit – getting relevant advertisement, just the idea of anyone knowing so much about you is scary.

If you are among those people who don’t like being watched, the good news is there are lots of services to avert this. Let’s start things with your browser settings. Almost every popular browser features “Do Not Track “, an option to prevent the tracking.

Chrome users can go to the settings. Click the Customize button on the right (look for three horizontal bars), and then click Settings.

Now one of the easiest way to bring all relevant results is by searching for “Do not” in the search box. Click in the box towards the top right that says Search settings and then type Do not. Locate “Send a ‘Do Not Track’ request with your browsing traffic” and make sure it is Checked. If it is not, click on the box to check it. A message with more information will appear; click OK.

Firefox users need to go to the settings (options), and under the Privacy tab, click on the radio button which says “Do not tell sites anything about my tracking preferences.”

Internet Explorer 10, the latest version of the company’s in-house browser, comes with the “Do Not Track” feature turned on by default on both Windows 8 and Windows 7.

Remove Flash Cookies

Cookies store your information, Flash cookies are no different. To set restrictions on them, visit the settings page.

Click Global Storage Settings on the left. A panel will open to the right with small tabs across the top. Click the second tab from the left (looks like a small folder). Right below the tab you will see Global Storage Settings. Under that, uncheck ‘Allow third-party Flash content to store data on your computer‘.

Your Online Life Is Just As Permanent As a Tattoo

The things we share on the internet, all the data we produce and the other data we are part of, will live longer than our bodies. Once you post something on the interwebs, it could be used again and again for or against you and it may end up defining you. It is high time you realize how important your privacy is.


Tips & Tricks: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: How to Make Sure Your ISP Does Not Filter Your Newsletters as Spam

Spam, spam and spam. How to avoid spam, how to filter spam, and how to complain about spam are the items on this menu of junk mail fighting tips. With the help of Heinz Tschabitscher of about.com, we are presenting an ongoing series of tips and tricks that you can use to minimize the amount of junk mail that you will receive in your email inbox.

You may not be aware of it, but your Internet Service Provider (ISP) is probably filtering all your email for spam automatically.

As long as they only filter out the spam this is a good thing (though not even this should happen without the user's consent), but important mail or newsletters may fall victim to these spam filtering tactics, too. The ISP is certainly not doing this on purpose, so you should inform them about the situation to help avoid such false positives.

If you are suspecting that your ISP is filtering mail you do want to receive — if you have signed up for a newsletter, for example, but never got an issue, or delivery suddenly stopped:

* Visit your ISP's support Web site and look for their spam policy.
o Maybe you can opt out of the filtering,
o whitelist certain senders manually (to make sure you're receiving your newsletters, whitelist the newsletter’s domain, for example) or
o report specific problems through a dedicated form.
* If you find neither of these options, contact your ISP via email or by phone and describe the problem with as much detail about the erroneously blocked email as possible.

In our example of Computer Kindergarten newsletters not showing up in your Inbox, tell your ISP something like:


I have recently signed up for a newsletter from Computer Kindergarten at <http:// ComputerKindergarten.com/>. I have yet to receive an installment.

Can this have something to do with server-side spam filters catching this wanted piece of mail? Could you please investigate this and maybe whitelist " ComputerKindergarten.com"?

thanks a lot!


In our next edition: How to Use Bayesian Spam Filtering to Get Rid of Junk Email


Special Feature: Intro to the Mac - Upgrading to OS X Mavericks

From gcflearnfree.org

If you're thinking about upgrading to Mavericks, you'll need to make sure that your computer meets all of the software and hardware requirements. Here are the things you'll need to have:

Apple Macintosh Computer (Mac): Generally, you'll need to have a Mac in order to install OS X Mavericks. Installing Mavericks on a PC is possible, but it requires more advanced techniques.

OS X Snow Leopard, Lion, or Mountain Lion: If you are using an older version of OS X such as Leopard, you will need to upgrade to Snow Leopard (version 10.6.8), Lion, or Mountain Lion before upgrading to Mavericks.

Internet Access: To install Mavericks, you will need to download it from the Mac App Store, which requires a working internet connection. Mavericks is not available on CD or DVD.

Apple ID: Your Apple ID is used to sign in to the Mac App Store, iTunes Store, and more. It's OK if you don't have an Apple ID yet—you'll be able to create one when you download Mavericks.

Hardware Requirements: Your Mac will need to meet certain processor, memory, and hard drive requirements to install Mavericks. Below are the models that can be upgraded:

iMac (mid-2007 or newer)
MacBook (late 2008 Aluminum or early 2009 or newer)
MacBook Pro (mid/late 2007 or newer)
MacBook Air (late 2008 or newer)
Mac mini (early 2009 or newer)
Mac Pro (early 2008 or newer)
Xserve (early 2009)

For a full list of hardware requirements, view the OS X Mavericks Technical Specifications.


In our next newsletter: Viewing Information about Your Mac


Today's Topic: Windows 7 - Gadgets

From gcflearnfree.org

Gadgets are programs that run on your desktop so that you can see information at a glance. Gadgets can give you information about the weather, date & time, news, traffic and more.

To Add Gadgets to Your Desktop:
Right-click your desktop and select Gadgets.
Select and drag the gadgets you desire and place them anywhere you want on the desktop.

Customizing a Gadget

Point to a gadget with the mouse pointer. A small toolbar will display (look for an X at the top).

The small square with the arrow will change the size. Click on this button to change the size of your Gadget. The wrench gives Options for customization. Select this tool to see options for your Gadget. The button with the dots is the Drag Gadget. Use this button to drag and place your gadget onto your computer's Desktop.

Now it is your turn to play. Take some time to explore the themes, customize a few Gadgets and adjust the ClearType on your screen. Practice using the Aero features and Pin your favorite programs to the taskbar. Change your user account picture and choose a screen saver.


In our next newsletter: Windows 7 Libraries


Special Feature: iPad Basics - Apple ID

From gcflearnfree.org

So what's an Apple ID? If you've already turned on your iPad, you know that it's part of the setup process. But what else does it do?

In short, an Apple ID is a simple username and password. It doesn't cost any money to create one, but it's a very important part of the iPad experience. Not only is it your identity on your device; it's also your gateway to other Apple services like the App Store, iCloud, select built-in apps, and much, much more. The more you use your iPad, the more you'll understand how prevalent the Apple ID is.

If you don't have an Apple ID yet, there will be plenty of opportunities for you to create one when you set up your device. You can also sign up online.

Creating an Apple ID

If you've ever bought music from the iTunes Store, or if you've bought an iOS device, you were probably asked to create an Apple ID. The Apple ID is an account that you can use to access all of Apple's services. You can use it to buy music, TV shows, and apps from the iTunes Store, or you can buy apps for your Mac from the Mac App Store (if you have OS X Lion or Snow Leopard). You'll also need an Apple ID in order to use iCloud.

If you don't have an Apple ID, you can follow the steps below to set it up.

To Create an Apple ID:

Go to the My Apple ID page and click Create an Apple ID.

Type your email address. This will be used as your Apple ID. You will also need to choose a password.

Continue filling out the form with your security question, name, address and other info.

If you do not want to receive emails from Apple, uncheck the check boxes under Contact Preferences.

Type the letters and/or numbers you see in the verification image. Then, check the box stating that you have read and agree to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Click Create Apple ID. Apple will then send you a verification email. You will need to sign in to your email and follow the directions in the verification email to complete your registration.
Providing Payment Information

When you create an Apple ID with a web browser, it won't ask for any payment information. That's because many Apple services (such as iCloud) do not require payment. However, when you sign in to the iTunes Store or the Mac App Store, you will be asked to review your account information. You will then need to provide a credit card number and billing address.

You can also create an Apple ID in iTunes or the Mac App Store by going to Store > Create Account. When you do this, you will need to provide your payment information during the registration process.


In our next edition:
Operating Your Device


Websites of Interest:

Super Bowl
Visit the official site of Superbowl XLVII.

Denver Broncos

Seattle Seahawks

Super Bowl Recipes

Puppy Bowl
Do you like dogs better than you like football? Visit this website!

Groundhog Day
Will we have 6 more weeks of winter or an early spring?

Punxsutawney Phil

Malverne Mel

Holtsville Hal