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Welcome to this week's edition of the Computer Kindergarten Newsletter.
Today is Sunday, January 24, 2016

In this Issue:
Special Feature: Top Scams of 2016 - Tech Support Scams
Special Feature: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: How to Report Spam with SpamCop
Special Feature: Apple iPad and iPhone iOS 9 –Changes and Hidden Features – Multitasking
Today's Topic: Speed Up a Slow Computer – Turn Off Auto Start Programs
Websites of Interest: Tips for Safe Snow Shoveling; Long Island Snowfall Totals Since 1947; Long Island Snowfall Averages; Where to Go Sledding on Long Island; January is Carbon Monoxide Awareness Month


Special Feature: Top Scams of 2016 - Tech Support Scams

From scamguard.com

It's rare that any technician from a PC manufacturer or tech support company would cold call non-client computer users and tell them that there's an immediate threat to their computers and that the company needs remote access to fix the problem. Yet, many people fall for this scam.

Operating usually out of India, scammers call victims and allege that they're with a big name tech company. Victims are told that their computers are either already infected or about to become infected with malware that can cause significant damage, such as operating system corruption or identity theft. The “technicians” then urge users to allow them to have remote access to troubleshoot and fix related issues. Scammers use these opportunities to infect systems with malware or perform other damage; or send users to third-party websites that cause damage. All of these actions are focused on the singular goal of giving scammers access to computers so they can cause errors and then charge for unnecessary repair services.

Damages have been reported from $100 to $1000 and the cost of real technical support after to fix the damaged computer. As scammers usually ask for payment via credit card, many victims have also reported having their identities stolen afterward.

Never give anyone remote access to your computer unless you called tech support on a number you know is legitimate. Or, hire a local computer repair service that you trust whenever necessary.


Special Feature: Top 25 Most Popular Anti-Spam Tips, Tricks and Secrets: How to Report Spam with SpamCop

Spam, spam and spam. How to avoid spam, how to filter spam, and how to complain about spam are the items on this menu of junk mail fighting tips. With the help of Heinz Tschabitscher of about.com, we are presenting an ongoing series of tips and tricks that you can use to minimize the amount of junk mail that you will receive in your email inbox.

There are strategies to avoid unsolicited email, and you can filter it away or ignore it.

Why Reporting Spam Makes Sense

One of the best things you can do about spam, however, is to receive it and complain about it. Spammers will consequently lose their Internet access and pay for their breaking an ISP's acceptable use policy.

Identifying the right people to complain to about spam and writing complaints efficiently unfortunately is not a trivial matter, however, and it takes a lot of time.

This is where SpamCop can help. It analyzes your unsolicited email messages and sends sensible complaints to the right authorities on your behalf.


Report Spam with SpamCop

To submit a correct and efficient spam report using SpamCop:

* Open the source of the junk email in your email program.
* Highlight the full source and press Ctrl-C (Windows), Command-C (Mac) or Alt-C (Unix) to copy.
* Paste the source of the spam you received in the SpamCop input field.
* Press Process Spam.
* Click Send Spam Report(s) Now.

It's usually best not to change anything about the complaints unless you have a good reason to exclude or include a specific email address not preselected.

In our next edition: How Long, Complicated Email Addresses Beat Spammers


Special Feature: Apple iPad and iPhone iOS 9 –Changes and Hidden Features – Multitasking

Apple's iOS 9 includes several new iPad-specific features including Split View multitasking. This is a feature that allows you to run two apps side by side, in a split screen view.

Split View is available only on the iPad Air 2, iPad Pro and iPad mini 4.

Here's how you can enable Split View.

1) Open an app that supports Split View. Most built-in apps such as Mail and Notes do. Some third-party apps such as Twitter have also added support for this, and more will very likely do so in the coming days.

2) Swipe from the right edge of the screen. This will open an app in one-third of the screen.

3) Swipe downwards from the top on the right hand side (where the secondary app is open). This will reveal a list of apps.

4) Pick the app you want to run in Split View (such as Safari or Twitter).

5) Now pull the black bar towards the center of the iPad's screen. You can move the dividing bar to resize the apps.

In our next edition: Keyboard & Text Control


Today's Topic: Speed Up a Slow Computer – Turn Off Auto Start Programs

As your Windows computer ages, its speed can decrease. You will notice an increase in response time when you give commands to open programs, files or folders, use the Internet and other tasks. There are several things you can do to speed up your computer.

Over the next several editions of this newsletter, we will present articles discussing some of the steps you can take to speed up your slow computer.

Important: Before making any changes to your system, always create a Restore Point. If anything goes wrong with the changes you make, this will allow you to revert back to a point when the computer was operating correctly. Please visit our Newsletter Archives to read our article, All About Restore Points:


Turn Off Auto Start Programs

Windows will automatically open programs that are in your Startup folder. You will find the startup folder in the Start button menus. Click the Start button or orb, point to Programs, and then point to Startup.

Everything you see in there automatically opens when you turn your computer on. (If you do not recognize everything in there, note that some programs run behind the scenes and you will never see them on your desktop).

While it may be convenient for programs to be open when you are ready to use them, this process usually significantly increases the time it takes to start the computer.

Some programs, in the installation process, are designed to put a shortcut in the Startup folder; you may not necessarily want that program to open every time you use your computer. These programs can be removed from Auto Startup.

To do so, click the Start button, point to Programs, point to Startup. Right click the Program that you want to remove. Left click Delete from the resulting menu.

You will be asked to confirm the deletion; click Yes, OK or Delete Shortcut (depending on your version of Windows).

Note: When you delete a program from the Start menu, you are not uninstalling the program from the computer. You are deleting the Shortcut, which is the command that tells Windows to open the program. The program will still exist on the computer, and, more than likely, another shortcut to the program will be elsewhere in the Start menu.

In our next edition, learn more about turning off programs that start up automatically.


Websites of Interest:

Tips for Safe Snow Shoveling

Long Island Snowfall Totals Since 1947
From Newsday

Long Island Snowfall Averages

Where to Go Sledding on Long Island

January is Carbon Monoxide Awareness Month
As the threat of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning increases during the winter months when the heat is on, it is crucial that awareness increases as well.